Personal Qualifications And Accomplishments
Military Badges Of The United States are devices of personal recognition that are granted to service members of the United States armed forces to denote personal accomplishment, qualifications, and participation in designated military campaigns or other activities. Personal recognition is granted to service members by a number of awards and decorations. Together with military decorations, such badges are displayed outwardly on military uniforms.
Each of the five military services maintains a separate series of badges which may be awarded to service members. Various regulations exist on how badges are displayed, how many may be worn at one time, and whether or not such badges may be worn on the uniform of more than one branch of service.
Military Badges Of The United States Department of Defense are insignia of the United States Department of Defense which are presented to service members for performing certain duties in the both the Department of Defense and the Office of the Secretary Defense. The Department of Defense badges are considered "joint service" meaning that they may be worn and displayed on any uniform of every branch of the United States armed forces.
Badges of the United States Army are military decorations of the U.S. Army which are displayed on Army uniforms to denote a variety of qualifications and accomplishments to military service members. Most U.S. Army badges are considered "inter-service" meaning that regulations permit their display and wear on uniforms of other branches of the United States armed forces, should a service member reenlist or become an officer in a different service of the miltiary. Badges are worn in conjunction with badges of rank and branch insignia.
Infantrymen must have the skill and the will-not to just participate in the close fight, but to dominate it. From World War II through Vietnam, four out of five combat deaths were sustained by infantrymen, who constituted only five percent of the US military manpower.
The Combat Infantryman Badge was approved by the Secretary of War on 7 October 1943 and announced in War Department Circular 269 dated 27 October 1943. On 8 February 1952, the Chief of Staff, Army, approved a proposal to add stars to the Combat Infantryman Badge to indicate award of the badge in separate wars. Under this change in policy, the badge was no longer limited to a one-time award, but could now be awarded to eligible individuals for each war in which they participated.
The Combat Infantryman Badge is awarded to personnel in the grade of Colonel or below with an infantry or special forces military occupational specialty who have satisfactorily performed duty while assigned as a member of an infantry/special forces unit, brigade or smaller size, during any period subsequent to 6 December 1941 when the unit was engaged in active ground combat. The policy was expanded to permit award to Command Sergeants Major of infantry battalions or brigades, effective 1 December 1967. Specific criteria for each conflict was also established. Only one award is authorized for service in Vietnam, Laos, the Dominican Republic, Korea (subsequent to 4 January 1969), El Salvador, Grenada, Panama, the Southwest Asia and Somalia, regardless of whether an individual has served in one or more of these areas. The complete criteria for each area and inclusive dates are listed in Army Regulation 600-8-22. The bar is blue, the color associated with the Infantry branch. The musket is adapted from the Infantry insignia of branch and represents the first official U.S. shoulder arm, the 1795 model Springfield Arsenal musket. It was adopted as the official Infantry branch insignia in 1924. The oak symbolizes steadfastness, strength and loyalty.
In August 1943, Lieutenant General (LTG) Leslie J. McNair's Army Ground Forces (AGF) headquarters conducted a survey of soldiers then assigned to AGF's 11 arms and services. His people discovered that, among those soldiers, the Infantry was by far the least popular branch, even with its own members. Very few Infantrymen, at the time, were happy with being in the Infantry or with their current assignments. The results of the survey were given to General George C. Marshall, the Army's Chief of Staff and an old-line Infantryman himself. General Marshall asked LTG McNair to recommend ways the Infantry's prestige could be boosted and its importance as the Army's premier combat arm could be recognized. Infantry units were doing most of the fighting and dying in all active theaters of operations and General Marshall knew the road ahead would require even greater sacrifices from the Infantry.
One of LTG McNair's proposals called for a "fighter badge" that could be awarded to Infantrymen who could meet certain standards which were to be developed by Marshall's headquarters. Marshall approved the concept but decided that instead of having one "fighter badge" there would be two individual combat badges--the Expert Infantryman Badge and the Combat Infantryman Badge. Section I, War Department Circular 209, dated October 27, 1943, spelled out the details. The circular begins by stating: The present war has demonstrated the importance of highly proficient, tough, hard, and aggressive Infantry, which can be obtained only by developing a high degree of individual all-around proficiency on the part of every Infantryman. As a means of attaining the high standards desired and to foster esprit de corps in the Infantry units, the Expert Infantryman and Combat Infantryman Badges are established for Infantry personnel.
The Expert Infantryman Badge was approved by the Secretary of War on 7 October 1943 and announced in War Department Circular 269 dated 27 October 1943. It consists of a silver and enamel badge 7/16 inch in height and 3 inches in width, consisting of an Infantry musket on a light blue bar with a silver border. The bar is blue, the color associated with the Infantry branch. The musket is adapted from the Infantry insignia of branch and represents the first official U.S. shoulder arm, 1795 model Springfield Arsenal musket. It was adopted as the official Infantry branch insignia in 1924. Personnel must meet Department of the Army established testing requirements and must possess a military occupational specialty within Career Management Field 11 (Infantry) or 18 (Special Forces), less MOS 18D.
It is interesting to note that both badges were initially considered combat badges. The EIB could be awarded to Infantrymen who either attained "the standards of proficiency established by the War Department" or satisfactorily performed "duty in action against the enemy." The CIB had stricter requirements; to be awarded to Infantrymen who had to demonstrate "exemplary conduct in action against the enemy." Today, the EIB and CIB may be awarded only to members of the United States Army.
Badges of the United States Navy are military badges issued by the United States Department of the Navy to Naval service members who achieve certain qualifications and accomplishments while serving on both active and reserve duty in the United States Navy. Most Navy badges are also permitted for wear on uniforms of the United States Marine Corps.
Badges of the United States Air Force are military awards which are issued by the United States Air Force for personal qualification in several career fields and also as identification badges while serving in certain assignments. All Air Force badges (with the exception of identification badges) are issued in three degrees. Occupational badges are issued in Basic, Senior, and Master degrees while pilot badges are issued in Basic, Senior, and Command. A star and wreath system, worn above the Air Force badge, denotes which degree a service member currently holds.
The Air Force is the most restrictive service with regards to which Air Force badges may be worn on the uniforms of other United States armed forces branches. With the exception of aviation badges, most U.S. Air Force badges may only be displayed on United States Air Force uniforms. The Air Force previously maintained a number of obsolete badges which were created for use by the Army Air Force during World War II. Such badges are no longer issued.
Badges of the United States Marine Corps are military decorations which are issued by the United States Department of the Navy to service members of the U.S. Marines to denote a variety of qualifications and accomplishments. The Marine Corps issues the fewest number of badges of all the United States armed forces and most badges used by the Marine Corps are also issued as U.S. Navy badges. There are certain badges, however, which are specific only to the Marines and not issued by any other branch of service.
Badges of the United States Coast Guard are military decorations issued by the Department of Homeland Security to members of the United States Coast Guard to denote certain qualifications, achievements, and postings to certain assignments. Prior to 2002, the issuance of such badges was under the authority of the United States Department of Transportation.
Obsolete military awards of the United States are United States military awards which have been officially removed from U.S. military award precedence charts and are listed as "Obsolete Military Decorations" in military award publications and instructions. Awards and decorations of the United States military are military decorations which recognize a service members service and personal accomplishments while a member of the United States armed forces. ...
Typically, the U.S. military will declare a decoration obsolete twenty to thirty years after its last issuance to an active duty member of the military or, in the case of medals designed for members of the reserve forces, a drilling reservist attending annual training. Medals for valor (such as the Medal of Honor and Silver Star) are rarely declared obsolete regardless of the amount of time which has passed since the last issuance. This is since such medals could be reinstated, on very short notice, in the event of an armed conflict in which the United States armed forces would be called to service. This article is about the military award; for the computer game, see Medal of Honor (computer game). ... The Silver Star is a United States military award which is presented to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the United States Armed Forces, is cited for gallantry in action against an enemy of the United States while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing...
United States service medals of the World Wars have also been declared obsolete by the U.S. military but may still be found in various charts, publications, and instructions. This is since a large number of veterans still display such medals as retirement awards or through functions and ceremonies with various veteran groups such as the Veterans of Foreign Wars and the American Legion. A veteran refers to a person who is experienced in a particular area, particularly referring to people in the armed forces. ... The Veterans of Foreign Wars, or VFW, is an American organization whose members are current or former members of the U.S. armed forces. ... The American Legion is an organization of veterans of the United States armed forces who served in wartime. ...
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